NMO / MS…What You Need To Know

NMO / MS…What You Need To Know

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Neuromyelitis Optica is NOT Multiple Sclerosis

Until recently, NMO was thought to be a type of Multiple Sclerosis. However, recent discoveries indicate that NMO and MS are distinct diseases. Traditionally spinal cord lesions seen in NMO are longer than MS but this is not always the case.

With so many symptoms in common, NMO can sometimes be confused with MS or other diseases. But these diseases are treated in different ways and early detection and treatment help ensure best outcomes.

Ask your doctor about NMO, and whether an NMO antibody test is right for you

The discovery of an antibody in the blood of individuals with NMO gives doctors a reliable way of determining if you have NMO.

Find answers to NMO questions on our Frequently Asked Questions page.

» Why Is It Important To Know About NMO? [+]

» Why Is It Important To Know About NMO? [-]

With so many symptoms in common, NMO can sometimes be confused with MS or other diseases. But these diseases are treated in different ways and early detection and treatment help ensure best outcomes.

» What Are The Symptoms? [+]

» What Are The Symptoms? [-]

NMO symptoms can vary from person to person and may resemble MS symptoms in many ways. NMO is most commonly characterized by inflammation of the spinal cord and/or optic nerves, causing any of the following symptoms:

- Rapid onset of eye pain or loss of vision (optic neuritis).
- Limb weakness, numbness, or partial paralysis (transverse myelitis).
- Shooting pain or tingling in the neck, back or abdomen.
- Loss of bowel and bladder control.
- Prolonged nausea, vomiting or hiccups.
- Sometimes these symptoms are temporary, and resolve on their own. In any case, it is important to discuss these symptoms with your doctor to help consider NMO in your diagnosis.